Introducing the Corporate Social Responsibility in the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia

Thematic areasPublic Private Partnership, Competitiveness
CountryMacedonia
Description

Even though the Corporate Social Responsibility was rather new concept for the Republic of Macedonia a decade ago, now it has already established the institutional setup for CSR, including the National CSR body, adopted national CSR policy and proved dedication of the Government toward development of CSR in the country.

In 2007 the Government of the Republic of Macedonia adopted the Programme for Stimulating Investment in RM for 2007-2010, in which, considering the importance of the corporate social responsibility in securing the welfare impact of investments, the special provisions were made for development of the corporate social responsibility (CSR).

POLICY FORMULATION AND INSTITUTIONAL SETUP

Further, the Ministry of Economy initiated activities on establishing a formalized body, responsible for promoting CSR in the country and for coordinating the activities of all stakeholders in this field. In 2007, the National Coordinative Body on CSR was established as a permanent working group within the Economic-Social Council of the Government. The Coordinative body on CSR consists of 17 members and represents a formalized structure for multi-stakeholder dialogue and identification of actions for CSR promotion and implementation. It involves all stakeholders under a Government umbrella, and yet, it is not governmental body. The Ministry of Economy acts as a coordinator of CSR promotion activities on behalf of state institutions.

The Body developed the National CSR Agenda for the Republic of Macedonia 2008-2012, a policy document approved by the Government in October 2008. The multi-stakeholder approach to the formulation of the national CSR policy promotes joint actions, which can complement each other and create synergies and defines the roles, responsibilities and activities of all stakeholders. Government’s role is seemed in creating an enabling environment that promotes growth, inclusion and sustainability. The priority objectives include raising awareness on CSR; developing the capacities and competences to help mainstream CSR; and ensuring favorable environment for development of CSR.

Ministry of Economy is responsible for implementation of CSR policy and mainstreaming the CSR related practices and policies within different CSR stakeholders.The Department for promoting CSR was established within the Ministry, comprised of the Unit for Socially Responsible Practices and Unit for Social Responsibility Policy.  The activities are focused to promote and reinforce the national multi-stakeholder dialogue on CSR, exchange of ideas and experiences on CSR practices, develop capacity of National CSR body and encourage uptake of CSR practices in all sectors.

MACEDONIAN CSR PROJECT

With financial support of the European Commission Programme for Competitiveness and Innovation (CIP) and cooperation with the Association of Chambers of Commerce of the Republic of Macedonia, and two civil society organizations, Macedonian Enterprise Development Foundation and Macedonian civil association Konekt, the Ministry of Economy implemented a project, aimed to support the mainstreaming of CSR related practices and policies within different stakeholders, through implementation of measures and activities foreseen in the National Agenda on CSR. The project targeted companies, especially SME’s, their employees and consumers, civil society organizations, government representatives and media. Main components of the Project correlated with the priority objectives of the National Agenda. Within the framework of the project the review of laws and regulations on compliance to CSR, was done in order to develop recommendations for synchronization of legislation with the CSR concept.

NATIONAL AWARD ON CORPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY

Since 2007, every year, traditionally a National Award event is organized for the best practices in corporate social responsibilities, in five categories: relations with employees, ethical governance, market relations with suppliers, consumers and customers, environmental protection and community involvement. Recently, a new sixth category was introduced - the most innovative SR practice. On the annual Call for applications for the National Award for best CSR practices, the Macedonian companies are invited to apply and compete in each category, while documentation is evaluated by the Expert Jury Commissions for selecting the awarded practices in each category. So far, the Macedonian small/medium sized enterprises and large companies have presented their 500 social responsible practices, demonstrating the dedication to society and the environment.

Categories, number of application each year:

 

Category

Number of applications  in 2008

Number of applications  in 2008

Number of applications  in 2009

Number of applications  in 2010

Number of applications  in 2011

Number of applications  in 2012

Number of applications  in 2013

Number of applications  in 2014

Relations with employees

73

9

10

16

12

10

10

12

Ethical governance

2

4

7

7

5

2

5

Market relations with suppliers, consumers and customers

10

6

8

3

7

12

4

Environmental protection

11

6

8

7

17

6

8

Community involvement

20

16

24

30

27

26

21

Total:

73

52

42

63

59

66

56

50

 

The future development requires:

    - developing a new strategy for stimulating CSR in line with: UN and EU policy, regulatory developments, national development priorities and needs of key stakeholders;

    - capacity building of the institutional structures in charge of formulating, coordinating and implementing measures on CSR, to create foundations for implementation of the new strategy.

The expected result is the new mid-term national strategy for stimulating CSR and further developed capacities of the main structures for implementing measures to support CSR, on the base of the CSR policy approach of the UN and European Commission in the Republic of Macedonia.

Improving and advancing the corporate social responsibility in the Republic of Macedonia contributed to a favorable environment for sustainable development and competitiveness, social inclusion and improved overall business environment.

As a result of the joint activities of all stakeholders in the past years, Macedonia is now positioned as one of the leaders in CSR in Europe and its approach to the development and implementation of CSR can be shared with and replicated in other countries interestedinintroducingCSR into development agenda.

Budget: 5 000 EURO per year during 2008-2015, 10 000 EURO for 2016

Contact details:
Ministry of Economy
Jurij Gagarin - 15, 1000 Skopje 
Republic of Macedonia 
Department for stimulating corporate social responsibility

Maja Kurcieva, Deputy Head of CSR Department
02 3093 403
maja.kurcieva@economy.gov.mk

Sofija Kuzmanovska, Head of Unit for CSR policy
02 3093 421
sofija.kuzmanovska@economy.gov.mk

Websitewww.economy.gov.mk

Location